Aikido Journal Home » Encyclopedia » CRAPO, MARK R. Aiki News Japan


(b. 6 August 1954). 2nd dan Seidokan Aikido; 1st dan judo. Doctor of Oriental medicine. Began aikido training in 1975 at University of Hawaii. Primary aikido instruction received from Roderick KOBAYASHI with additional training under Fumio TOYODA. Instructs at Battle Creek Budokan and administers community education courses in aikido in Michigan.