5th dan Aikikai; 5th dan iaido. Professional aikido instructor. First taught by Tai Unno at University of Massachusetts in 1970. Later trained under Mitsunari KANAI and Yoshimitsu YAMADA. Traveled to Japan in 1976 for training at AIKIKAI HOMBU DOJO where also received private training from Kazuo CHIBA. Returned to the U. S. in 1979 and opened Amherst Aikikai with Paul Sylvain. The school was subsequently moved to Northampton, Massachusetts and became Valley Aikido. Invited to become chief instructor of Aikido of Berkeley in 1985 to replace the late Steve Sasaki. Remained in California until 1987 before returning to eastern U. S. Opened dojo in Springfield, Massachusetts in October of 1988. Has taught at University of Massachusetts, Smith College, Mount Holyoke College and Hampshire College. Holder of teaching license of UNITED STATES AIKIDO FEDERATION and a member of U. S. Aikido Federation Western Region teaching committee.