(b. 18 July 1952). 5th dan Tomiki Aikido-JAA, 1988 [rank authenticated]. Lawyer. Started aikido in 1965 in Gompers Park, Chicago, Ilinois. Has made several trips to Japan, during the first of which he was promoted to 1st dan by Kenji TOMIKI. Spent a total of more than seven years in Japan, including several years at the SHODOKAN, studying under Tetsuro NARIYAMA. Has started clubs in Chicago, Seattle, and Los Angeles in the U. S. , and was a co-founder of the Shinjuku Sports Center Sports Aikido Club in Tokyo. Translator of several of Tomiki's writings. One of the organizers and technical director of the newly formed JAA (USA) organization. Currently teaching at the University of Southern California.