(b. 1953). 5th dan Aikikai. American. First taught c. 1969 by Allen Grow in Berkeley, Calif. Spent more than three years in IWAMA as an UCHIDESHI under Morihiro SAITO. Fluent in Japanese. Taught from early 1970s to 1988 in San Francisco Bay area. Formerly chief instructor of Aikido Institute, Oakland, California. Resigned as of 25 February 1988. Author of book entitled Living Aikido (see bibl. ). Interviewed AN#39-40.