4th dan Aikikai-USAF. Began training in 1962 in Boston, Massachusetts. Became UNITED STATES AIKIDO FEDERATION Shidoin in 1983. Holds U. S. Department of the Interior certification for teaching aikido to law enforcement officers. Chief instructor of a dojo in Massachusetts. North East Aikikai, 61A Parkhurst Rd. , Chelmsford, MA 01824 USA (508)453-3485.