(b. c. 1938). 7th dan, 2001, Aikikai Shihan, 2002 [rank authenticated]. Engineer. Began practice in 1967 at the AIKIKAI HOMBU DOJO. Has lived in Japan on several occasions beginning 1967. Spent one year as an UCHIDESHI at the IWAMA Dojo of Morihiro SAITO in 1971. One of main instructors in the San Francisco Bay area and a leader in the TAKEMUSU AIKIDO ASSOCIATION, INC.