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(1867-1941). B. in Kii Province, present-day Wakayama Prefecture. Biologist, ethnologist, and folklorist. Lived in Europe and the United States for 15 years. Discovered many types of new fungi and mold and contributed numerous articles in scientific publications. Morihei Ueshiba assisted Minakata around 1909-10 in Tanabe in a protest movement against the shrine consolidation policy of the Meiji government that sought to reorganize and eliminate thousands of shrines throughout Japan.

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