(b. 1917). 8th dan Shinshin Toitsu Aikido (1993). Retired police officer and aikido pioneer in Hawaii. B. Waikapu, Maui, Hawaii. Early background in judo. First taught aikido by Koichi TOHEI in 1953. Became chief instructor of Maui Aikido Club. Spent three months training at AIKIKAI HOMBU DOJO in 1959 at invitation of Tohei. Retired from Maui Police Department in 1972 followed by 15 months of training in Japan under Tohei. Became Head of Foreign Affairs for the KI NO KENKYUKAI. Has traveled extensively teaching in the USA, Europe, Brazil, New Zealand and Japan. Chief instructor of the Maui Ki Society. [Christopher Curtis collaborated on this entry]
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